The Cabahug Clan of Mandaue, Cebu
All One Family
The Cabahug Name:
Before discussing the assumption that Cabahug's are related, it is will be helpful to comment on
origin and spelling of the Cabahug name.  While its meaning, if any, is not known, it is
certain that the surname Cabajug came into existence in 1850.  In 1849, governor General
Claveria issued a decree requiring all residents of the
Philippines must adopt a surname.  The decree specified a detailed process for selection
and assigning of surnames and directed that surnames were to be used starting in June of
1850.  This is an important date for understanding Cabahug family tree.
The Cabahug family name is found in four variations:  Cabajug,
Cabajog, Cabahug and Cabahog, which all have the same
pronunciation.  In Spanish, the original "jug" is pronounced the same as
"hug" in English.  Further, in the native Cebuano language, the letters
"o" and "u" are both pronounced like the English "U".  Thus all four
spellings sound the same and which one is used depends on the individual recording the name.
The original name, "Cabahug" or "Cabahug", is found in all
19th century Spanish
documents, and continued to be used until the 1920's.  Staring in the 20's, the
"Cabahug" spelling became increasingly common and was the general usage by
1930.  However, a few families still retain the "Cabajug" spelling until this day.
The Cabahug Family:
Dr. Bonifacio Cabahug and the Cabahug Clan believe that all individuals of Cabahug ancestry
belong to one big family and have assumed this in gathering information about the Cabahug
Clan..  While there is no definitive proof for this assumption, there are good reasons to
believe it is true, and we have adopted it as basic to our research.  The rationale is as
First, Cabahug is an uncommon name in the Philippines and historically, most members of the
family have lived in Cebu.  Information presented here indicates that family members
mainly lived along the north and eastern coasts of Cebu in the last half of the
19th century (see Cabahug Population).  Further the evidence
indicates the family was concentrated in the towns of Consolacion, Liloan, and Mandaue, which
together comprised the original town of Mandaue.  Thus the early Cabahug family appears
to localized to a small area of Cebu.
Second, the Cabahug name only came into existence in 1850, as a result of the decree by Governor General Claveria.  That decree required
all members of a given family to adopt the same surname and, in particular, required all siblings
adopt the same surname.  However, we know that individuals who chose the Cabahug
name were not all siblings.  In particular, Nazarena and Ambrocio Cabahug in Mandaue
and Juan and Francisco Cabahug in Liloan had different parents.  It is still possible that
they were close relatives, probably cousins, and therefore chose the same surname.
Finally, the Cabahug family was of Chinese mestizo origin, which is clear from the church
records of Liloan, and belonged to the "Principales" (leading families) in their local
communities.  And members of the family were prosperous land owners, who likely
participated in a family business involving production and trade of agricultural products.
In this context, it is reasonable to assume that relatives with strong business and family ties
would demonstrate their close relationship by adopting the same surname.  Together, these
observations underpin the belief that all Cabahug families are related.
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