The Zehler homeland is located in the north central region of modern day
Saarland, the smallest State in the German Federal Republic.  As seen on the adjacent
map, Saarland lies on the south-west side of Germany, bordering Luxembourg and France.
The Saar area, along with Alsace and Lorraine, has long been contested between France and the
German States.  Immediately after the French Revolution, the Republican Army took
control of these territories west of the Rhine and annexed them to the French Republic.
The Saar was controlled by France until the defeat of Napoleon in 1815.  Thus, when Peter
Zehler was born in 1805, his birth record was written
in French and his birth date was recorded using the Calendar of the French Republic.
At the end of the Napoleonic Wars, the Treaty of Vienna ceded much of the Saar district to
Prussia, which became part of its Rhine Provence.  The map at left shows the German
States in1850, which reflects this Treaty.  The Saar area is indicated by the red
circle.  Note the small sliver of land within the circle.  This area was granted to the
Duchy of Oldenberg and was know and the Principality of
Birkenfeld.  The villages where the Zehler family lived are near the south west tip of
the Principality and are marked with a green asterisk.
Below is an enlarged map of the area were the area were the ancestors of Peter Zehler and Anna
Maria Klasen lived.  Today it is located in the north central region of the German State of
Saarland.  The heavy green line on the upper edge of the map is the border of the
neighboring State of Rhineland-Palatinate.
The earliest members of the Zehler family lived in Lockwieler.  However, most of Peters
ancestors lived in the village of Mettnich.  It was only after his marriage that Peter settled
in the tiny hamlet of Nuhweiler ancestors